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AN ASSESSMENT OF THE IMPACT OF POVERTY ON CRIMINAL BEHAVIOUR AMONG YOUTHS: A CASE OF AKPABUYO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, NIGERIA.

CHAPTER ONE

1.0     INTRODUCTION

 

1.1     BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Explanations for crime have taken various dimensions according to different theorists and scholars. Some blame it on defective family structure or arrested personality adjustment. Others emphasize factors such as inequality, environmental influence, poor socialization process (Henslin,2006). In this regards, criminal acts may be induced by many unforeseen factors and circumstances. Crime, according to Taylor (2006) could be seen as a fault of the social system whose institutions do not work equally for all its members. Sociologists look at the social in which individuals find themselves. Could it be that the problem lay not with the individual but in the social condition under which the individual live? The concern here is why people should exhibit behavior that is in violation of established norms, violations that may ultimately result in their being labeled as criminal behavior in terms of social processes.

Mostly, persons known to commit street crimes as reported in the crime index are poor, uneducated, often unemployed and residents of low income neighborhoods (Anasi, 2010). Would a socially and economically sound person turn out to be criminal? In this research work, there is need to understand the socio-economic background of most juvenile and criminals in order to draw correlations or otherwise between low socio-economic status (poverty) and criminal behavior.

 

1. 1    Objectives of the study

The objectives of this study include the following:

  1. 1.                          To  give an empirical analysis of the role of poverty on criminal behavior.
  2. To  examine the circumstances that make youths participate in crime.
  3. To  find out why crime participation is high in certain areas and among certain             groups in the

society.

  1. To identify some ways in which the society can be able to tackle the problem of crimes.

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