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AN ASSESSMENT OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN ON FAMILY RELATIONSHIP
1.1 BackgroundOf The Study
Violence against women in the home has been part of human history and human societies have lived with it without feeling that it was anything wrong (Godwin, 2005). Violence against women is a manifestation of historically unequal power relations between men and women have lead to domination over and discrimination against women by men to the prevention of the full advancement of women. Violence against women continues to be global epidemic that kills. Tortures and maims physically, psychological, sexually and emotionally. It is one of the most pervasive of human rights violation that denies women of their security, equality, dignity, self-worth and right to enjoy fundamental freedom. Violence against women is present in most countries in the world, cutting across boundaries of culture, class, education, income, ethnicity and age (UN declaration on the elimination of violence against women and general assembly resolution, 1993).
Women aid collective (WACOL 2004) stated that domestic violence could be anything that constitutes an action meted out to someone which is capable of depriving the individual from his or her basic human right. (Womenaid collective 2004) added that domestic violence is a form of bulling whereby a person is dealt with physically, thus resulting to injuryon the victim just the perpetrator does not know of any other way to handle the situation.
Kantor in yogo (2008), stated that domestic violence is a pressing global issue which is often associated with women’s isolated from supportive kim ties. It is an essential component of gender-based violence which as been defined as those actions and activities that cause physical, psychological and emotional harm to a person just because of more misunderstanding, (ityavyar in okeph, 2005). As a phenomenon how ever, violence against women relate to a broad spectrum of issues affecting the existence of the female specie in relation to the family. The female folks suffer in their matrimonial homes because God almighty constituted marriage in the garden of Eden, made women help mate and consequently our social system places women in a disadvantage position (Okpeh, 1999).
The study of secretary general of united nation (2004) explained that early marriage involves the marriage of a child below the age of 18 years. Young girls have not achieved full maturity and capacity to act, and lack ability to control their sexuality. When they marry and have children, their health can be adversely affected. Early marriage has inflicted dangerous and deviating affects on young girls who are compelled to tie the knot in most cases.
The convention on the elimination of all forms of discrimination against women (Cedaw) adopt in (1979) affirmed that the principle of fundamental rights and freedom of every human being are guided by a broad concept of human right that stretches beyond civil and political rights to the core issues of economic survival, health and education that affect the quality of daily life most women and children. United nation general assembly (1993) postulated that violence abusive behavior are responsible for poor family relationship, although personality conflicts and troubles within a marriage affect intimate behavior, (Olson and detrain 2006).
Htt:// Bahai-library. Com. (2000) stated that, family relationship refers to unity which is strengthened by love. The members of the family all have duties and responsibility toward one another and to the family as a whole . These duties and responsibilities vary from member to member because of their natural relationship. Such behavior can be seen in a man that stopped the wife from government employment and made her to engage in preparation and sales of local wine (Burukutu) for many years. The womancould not further her education after primary school certificate.
1.2 Statement of Problem
This study’s problem was based on, the researcher’s experiences, conversations and observations on the happenings in families. Husbands and wives do not discuss family issues but husbands take sole decisions. Through interactions with friends and colleagues, women talk about their situations at home, there they commonly abused by their spouses through battering . sexual abuse, giving out female children in marriage limit education, affects young girl’s academic pursuits, the future compromised and other opportunities often leading to early child bearing affects female reproductive organs and health problems such as unsafe abortion, and obstetric fistula. Husbands take decision whether it suits the family or not. Though most wives and children suffer the consequences of the heads of the families decisions.
It is also observed that violation of women at home has made women situation difficult to participate fully in issues cornering them in the home and in the society . as such, women have no freedom to speak for themselves because of fear of punishment from their husbands. Men think women are meant for giving birth, taking care of the children and doing only domestic works. The problem statement of the study therefore was whether domestic violence against had effects on family relations.
1.3 Objectives Of The Study
The main objective of the study was to assess domestic violence against women on family relationship.
The specific objectives were to:
- Assess the effects of spousal abuse against women on family relationship in Taraba State;
- Examine the effect of sexual abuse against women on family relationship
- Identify the effects of early marriage of young girls on family relationship in Taraba State; and
- Examine the effects of deprivation of women rights in decision making on family relationship in Taraba state.
1.4 Research Questions
The following research hypotheses were postulated:-
Ho1: there is no significance relationship between the effect of spousal abuse against women and family relationship in Taraba State.
Ho2: There is no significance relationship between the effect of sexual abuse against women and family relationship in Taraba State.
HO3: there is no significance relationship between the effects of deprivation of women’s right in decision making and family relationship in Ikot Ekpene L.G.A.
H04:There is no significant relationship between the effect of deprivation of women’s right in decision making and family relationship in Ikot Ekpene
1.5 Basic Assumption
- This study assumed that domestic violence against women affects women physically, morally, emotionally and psychologically . This retards the progress of families, the state and nation at large.
- It is assumed that when domestic violence against women is controlled, it will reduce the rate of sexually transmitted diseases (HIV/AIDS) and there will be fewer rates of deaths in the families and state.
It assumed that talks on domestic violence against women will create awareness, thereby allowing women to participate in decision making in the family which will contribute to the development of the families, state and Nigeria as a nation