Every material on this site is authentic and was extracted from the complete available project.Click to GET IT NOW
MS-WORD DOC || CHAPTERS: 1-5 || PAGES: 77 || PRICE: ₦3000
LEVEL OF INVOLVEMENT OF THE COMMUNITIES IN PROVIDING SECURITY
1.1 Background of the study
The term security is has now been categorize in many forms, but the general definition that covers forms of security or type of security is “Security is the degree of protection against danger, damage, loss, and crime.” (Wikipedia).According to GAOT-AIMD (2000), community is the people with common interests living in a particular area. In recent times, this country has suffered plaques of crisis, each leading to scores of lives lost and destruction of properties. According to Lucky (2012) security Community as a concept of international politics was first put forward by for whom the fundamental focus was military security and national security. In academia, the researches of security communities are mainly focused on two stages: the researches by Karl W. Deutsch and others who methodologically embraced behaviorism from the 1950s to the 1970s, and the researches by constructivists such as Emanuel Adler since 1990s, (GAO/NSIAD, 2000).
According to Deutsch (1999), a security community is a group for integration, whose members are convinced that those in the group will not injure each other through forces and that they will resolve disputes by other means instead of In his book Political Community and the North Atlantic Areas, Deutsch points out that a community necessarily entails two preconditions: one is the consistency of their major values (including the political ideas such as constitutionalism and democracy and the economic concept such as liberal economy); and the other is common reactivity (such as the common sympathy and commitment, the common “we” feeling, the common confidence and consideration, the minimum partial identity of self-image and interests, the ability to predict each other’s actions and perform activities correspondingly). Particularly, the availability of common communications and exchanges is a reliable measure to realize a security community, (Baker, Connaughton, Zhang, & Spengler, 2007).
In his text Luis (2011) states that according to Answers (online answers website), a security community is a region in which a large-scale use of violence (such as war, terrorism and so on) has become very unlikely or even unthinkable. However, some lines have been dropped with the recent remark of President Goodluck Jonathan after the Christmas day bombing in Madalla, Gudaka, Damaturu, Maiduguri and Jos by the Boko Haram group, describing the bombing in the country, “as a burden Nigerians must live with until it fizzles out”. One thing is certain; you and I can never tell who the next victims will be or which location the next bombs will come off (Jacob, 2012).
Community involvement in security is a vital phase of reducing crime in an environment, though debates do unfold that the government has the role to play to bring security to the people. The people have an important role to play in enhancing and managing security in their locality, some people do say that they do it; it’s too rough for me to get involved. Maybe crime has a strong grip in your neighborhood -- street violence, muggings, drug dealing, and shootings. People see the situation as out of hand. Some people are scared that the criminals will take revenge if they act, Sauter, & Carafano, (2005).
According to Steinbach, (2006), the human security challenge requires creative governing elite to resolve. It involves economic democratisation, political pluralism, social provisioning, and capable state, benevolent and nationalist governing elite. It is doubtful that emphasis on hardware security will foster social stability; the political elite should reconcile socio political considerations with military requisites. These are minimum conditions for socio-political stability in Nigeria.
In his text Allison, (2011) observed that security was a driving issue in the last Presidential campaign following bomb blast by Niger Delta militants and attacks of police by members of the extremist Islamic group, Boko Haram in the northern part of the country. President Jonathan campaigned very hard to convince Nigerians that his government was meeting those security challenges. But the rioting, mostly in the North, that followed immediately after his election raised questions, which are still unanswered, about security preparedness. At least 800 people were said to have been killed in these Muslim-Christian electoral violence.
1.2 Statement of Problem
Insecurity has brought a lot of problems to our society including Nigeria. These include death, tears, destruction and so on. The way it is it seems our government has not acted significantly to put this security challenges to an end. Ese Otite of Nigerian National News asked “is the government waiting for all her citizens to fizzle out, before they can take a decisive step to curb the activities of this extremist group? What are the security agencies doing? Or do we say maybe those in power have not been affected either because they and their families move about with convoys filled with security personnel?”
Nigeria is going down a path never seen in her history. It’s a pretty dangerous path, one that the whole world is watching. People are afraid of their safety. At a time, we taught our problem was corruption and power failure, but now security has taken over. With what is happening the President should come out strong and call the shots, he has to face the security challenges. It is very clear that not enough is being done to address their security challenges. All they now do is to promote their own religion instead of protecting Nigeria. This government should as a matter of national urgency overhaul our security system. Nigeria occupies an enviable position in the world with abundant natural and human resources. The government should look deeper in order to find a lasting solution to this carnage. Moreover, the truth must be told, we lack the sophisticated weapons to suppress the crisis in the custody of the extremists/criminals. Also, there is inadequate manpower; the number of the extremists/criminals is insignificant. This research is therefore how communities are involved in the management of security in Uyo local government area, the benefits of neighborhood watch to the community, the challenges of security management in our society, influence of the security management on the economic development of Nigeria, and security of lives and property in our society.
1.3 Objectives of the Study.
The main objective of this study is to ascertain the level of involvement of the communities in providing security in our society with Uyo local government area as study area, while specific objectives are as follows:
1 To examine the level of community involvement in the security of our society.
2 To examine the benefits of neighborhood watch to the community.
3 To determine the challenges of security management in our society.
4 To find out the extent to which security management relate with economic development of Nigeria, security of lives and property and promotion of foreign investment in Nigeria.
5 To make appropriate recommendations that will help ensure optimum security and safety of our society.
1.4 Significance of the Study
This study is expected to be of immense help to the government, school administrators and policy makers. It may also be of help to improve upon security management in our society and schools in Akwa Ibom State. The result of this study is expected to provide data for planning, as well as provide additional stock of schools data for other researchers, who might find it relevant and useful in their enquiries.
The study will fill the gap of knowledge of what has not been done by the past researchers who conducted almost similar study with regard to security management. The researcher will offer solutions to some practical or theoretical problems. This work also will be of benefit to the tertiary institution students, Ministry of Education and teachers, Parents and Guardians