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SECONDARY SCHOOL RESOURCES AND TEACHER’S JOB EFFECTIVENESS IN UYO SENATORIAL DISTRICT IN AKWA IBOM STATE
1.1 Background of the Study
The most accepted criterion for measuring good teaching is the amount of student learning that accrues, a teachers effectiveness is about student learning, however, all teachers realize that what a student learns is not always within the teachers control. The retreateron teaching is crammed full of well researched ways that teachers can present content and skills that will enhance the opportunities for students to learn.
It is equally filled with suggestions of what not to do in the classroom. Students often have little expertise in knowing if the method selected by an individual instructor was the best teaching method just a method or by which the teacher was most comfortable.Teachers also have limited control over many of the most important factors that impact students teaching.
The federal, state, and local government as well as the school administrator and corporate organizations concerned are attempting to harness the personnel, materials and infrastructural resources designed to enhance success in the school planning and instructionalresources designed to enhance success in the school planning and management.
School resources are educational facilities and others resources, which are necessarily required in a school situation for effective teaching and learning to take place.Cestaldi,1977 described educational facilities to be those things required in education which enablea skillful teacher achieve a level of instructional effectiveness that far exceeds what is possible when they are not provided.
Adequate resources could contribute to the enhancement of teachers’ effectiveness in secondary schools which can influence the attainment of the set goals or objectives of the school system. Shortage of these resources or their unavailability is capable of negatively affecting the quality of educational impacted to the learners in most secondary schools.
School resources must be made available in terms of quantity and rigid quantity. Thus the educational resources of the secondary school may include classrooms, dormitories, halls, libraries, laboratory, workshop, football field, tennis court, school farm, and funding for effective operation of the school.Other resources are school equipment in terms of student desks, chalkboard, stationery, teachers’ tables, seats, offices, science equipment, apparatuses, various audio visual teaching aids, material resources are those materials available in the school for effective learning and are provided by the teachers, students and school administrators. These resources include books, drawing boards, models slides laboratories libraries lecture halls, workshops and equipment.
Material sources include all the physical structures used in the educational process. They include classrooms offices equipment books, vehicle and others in structural materials that are necessary for teaching and learning, financial resources include funds and the information resources includes all communication networks linking up all the structural components of the educational system.
Recommended work books, textbooks and related materials to be provided to facilitate the work of both the students and the teachers. School equipment must be provided for the student teacher and the teachers, equipment must be provided to for the use of teachers and student. Appropriate science equipment for the physics, chemistry, biology and agricultural science along side their apparatus and chemicals must be provided in adequate quantity for use.
Human resources is usually called manpower which includes those administering the educational system, examples include teachers of all cardels, of institution and libraries.To achieve a better result each of the above staff should handle his/her duty conscientiously.
The teacher worksis in the centre of any education process among the work force and engaged in education.The success of any educational programme is much more in the teachers’ hands, and the quantity and quality of the teacher matters much because as Musa (1987) rightly observed the quantity of the products of any educational system cannot rise above the quality of the teachers with the responsibility of facilitating learning at its various levels.
Effectiveness cannot be achieved without adequate school resources and professional training in order to achieve set educational goals.As the population explosion of students in the secondary school continues, there is need for a corresponding provision of adequate school resources to achieve the needed teachers’ effectiveness. This study is therefore undertaken to see if there is any relationship between secondary school resources and the teaching effectiveness of teachers at thesecondary school level.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
The free and compulsory education policy of government has resulted in the influx of students into the state public secondary schools. This has increased the workload of teachers and the teachers’ effectiveness has been affected.The inadequacy in availability of requisite educational resources in public secondary school in Akwa IbomState implies inadequate classroom, large spaces for large class sizes, dilapidated school buildings and shortage of educational equipments and inadequate qualified teachers to cater for the increasing population of students in public secondary schools. This has invariably affected teachers’ effectiveness in public secondary schools in Akwa IbomState.
Resources like laboratories workshops, computers, typewriters, instructional materials have been abandoned and left out of use due to minor problems without repairs.
Lack of maintenance culture resulting leaking roofs of school buildings and other dilapidated school equipment including lack of well equipment laboratories technical workshops has been noticed to have contributed to the common hazards in our schools.
1.3 Objectives of the Study
Specially, the study sought to:
(1) Determine the relationship between qualified teachers and teachers’ job effectiveness in public secondary school in Uyo Senatorial District.
(2) Determine the relationship between school buildings and teachers job effectiveness in Uyo Senatorial District.
(3) Determine the relationship between adequate funding and teachers job effectiveness in Uyo Senatorial District.
(4) Determine the relationship between instructional materials and teachers job effectiveness in Uyo Senatorial District.
1.4 Significance of the Study
The study is justified on the following groups:
(1) It will remindthe state government the need to supply schools with qualified teachers and provide adequate classroom space.
(2) The study will help in the provision of trained personnel for the maintenance of the resources.
(3) The study will help the teachers to understand that they are also involved in the maintenance of facilities in their disposal.
(4) The study will help the government and schools administrators to provide adequate buildings laboratories, offices workshops etc.
1.5 Research Questions
The following research questions were posed to guide the study:
(1) What is the relationship between teachers and teacher job effectiveness in Uyo Senatorial District?
(2) What is the relationship between school buildings and teachers’ job effectiveness in Uyo Senatorial District?
(3) What is the relationship between funding and teachers job effectiveness in Uyo Senatorial District?
(4) What is the relationship between instructional materials and teacher’s effectiveness in Uyo Senatorial District?
1.6 Research Hypotheses
To provide guide for the study, all the research questions were restated in a null form of hypothesis thus:
(1) There is no significant relationship between qualified teachers and teachers’ job effectiveness in Uyo Senatorial District.
(2) There is no significant relationship between school buildings and teachers job effectiveness in Uyo Senatorial District.
(3) There is no significant relationship between funding and teachers job effectiveness in Uyo Senatorial District.
(4) There is no significant relationship between instructional materials and teacher’s job effectiveness in Uyo Senatorial District.
1.7 Basic Assumptions of theStudy
It was assumed for the study some schools have more resources than the others, also that rural secondary schools lack adequate school resources.
1.8 Delimitation of the Study
The study was focused on the secondary schools resources and teachers effectiveness in Uyo senatorial districts interest is being indicating.
This study focused on public secondary schools. The variables investigated included schools buildings, funding, teaching staff and instructional materials.
1.9 Definition of the Terms
This is the definition of some concepts used.
Adequacy of qualified teachers
This is government subvention and internally generated funds.
Adequacy of instructional materials:
This is in the nature offlip chart, wall chart, audio visual gadgets computers, radio, television, CD, video machines, film strips and projectors slides, etc.
Adequacy of School Building:
These are buildings to provide or serve as classrooms, libraries, laboratories science, assembly halls, staff quarters, staff offices, dormitories etc.
This is measured through how subject teachers perform their roles of classroom teachings, classroom management, assessment, class discipline, games sport, etc.