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THE EFFECTIVENESS OF TELEVISON IN THE POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT IN OF RURAL AREAS IN AKWA IBOM STATE
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Many of the developments that have accompanied the Nigerian electorate recent year has always been in intensely individualistic group. Hence political parties will always confront profound cultural differences. Given the cultural structure of the Nigerian electorate, the importance of television programmes cannot be overemphasized. The role of television in political development in the annulled 1993 presidential election is one of the greatest challenges facing the electorate especially those in the rural areas. This also is a typical case of election malpractices that have been the lot of Nigeria elections.
Television on its own part is an election gadgets with combination of sound and pictures. It is the most effective, spontaneous message carrier of our time. Its conciseness bring to the masses especially the rural dwellers in on the spot account of the event making it number one when compeered to any other medium.
Admittedly television may be expensive as to have it in very home or to be affordable to most people in the rural areas but when its ability to satisfy curiosity by allowing you see for yourself is not just an over statement, again its ability to disseminate information in our various dialect also serves as atonics to language barriers.
Television as an integral part of the fourth estate of the realm, is expected as usual to play its traditional sole as a watchdog of the society and as agent of change and innovations in rural areas advertisement role on political trends aspirants responsiveness to the medium has become a major features of campaigns for public office at national state and local government level. Most rural dwellers are known to be financially poor because of their low educational status and cannot afford television sets. This has often been a problem to efficient and effective use of television on archiving political development in the rural areas. all things being equal, the term, “Television and political development refers to all kinds of political services rendered to the populace to bring about information, education, entertainment and influence the rural dwellers.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Television is one of the most persuasive and effective media of the mass communication, but it has not been accepted in Nigeria as a popular medium. This owning to its relatively high costs, irregular electricity supply and ownership patterns that have made them the sole preserve of ether government of a few wealthy individuals. The people mostly affected are those in the rural areas including Enugu East local government area. Apart from the fact that they appear to be under reported, most of them cannot afford the price of television and the few that had not often receive the message because of the irregular power supply. As a result of this, the rural dwellers resort to the prior dial system of using the town crier to disseminate information. The use of television in improving the political life of the rural dwellers have not been achieved because of poverty in the part of the villagers and lack of sufficient support from government.
1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The objectives of this study is to know the extent to which television programmes have gone in mobilizing and persuading raters in the rural arras during election. Since television is mostly employed by candidates as a means of reaching the people. To know whether television medium has in any way contributed positively to the political life of the people, especially the rural dwellers. To provide easy access to development information diffusion at the grass root.
1.4 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The study will help to create an awareness on the need for proper use of television in political development of rural areas, it will enable television producers to give equal converge to both urban and rural dwellers. It will help to create a more coordinated soci-economic awareness on some burning issues at the grass roots. T is also hoped that he research will help in promoting political participation and national consciousness, it will ensure continued education for the rural population.
1.5 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
- Are the people of Nsit Ibom local government area exposed to political advertisement and activities through TV?
- Does exposure to television programmes affects their voting pattern?
- Have television programme been able to create any positive impact on the total life of the people?
1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
This study inherent the basic roles of the television in the development of any nation in transmitting information for the rural areas. The researcher has covered a lot and one can hold the result of study absolutely conclusive.
1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS
There are some outstanding terms used for this work and for the purpose of clarity their definitions are given but where necessary, descriptions are used in place of definitions.
Development:Is a process achieving people’s capacity to live a better and more rewarding life.
Political: Is defined as the science or art of government .polices Is not confined to state but can take place in other associations and institutions,
Rural Areas: Are men and women who live in different urbanized communities of any country in contrast to the urban people who live in the towns or in a more developed environment.
Television: Is the method of broadcasting still and moving pictures and sounds over a distance by means of electrical waves moving through the air. Through television,. Viewer can see and learn abut people, places and things in far away lands.